The School of Medicine produces graduates who have basic clinical skills and who will ultimately become quality doctors capable of treating their patients holistically. Students who are interested in medical research may participate from an early stage in medical research situations by taking the new Medical Scientist Course. In addition, we offer students the opportunity to study abroad and thus broaden their world view. It is our expectation that all of our graduate students will excel in whatever their chosen field, be it the clinical field (generalist or specialist), medical research, administration, medical care, public health, or welfare, and that they will, through medicine, contribute not only to the people of our country but also to all the peoples of the world.
It is widely held that the purpose of medical science and care in the twenty-first century will be "improvement in quality of life" and "pursuit of fulfillment in life." With that in mind, we expect our students to build the foundation of their medical vocation by experiencing for themselves diverse medical science and medical care situations, by thinking for themselves, and by pursuing their own personal dreams. In the medical school we respect each student's autonomy, and to that end we have introduced into the curriculum a wide variety of elective courses in advanced medical science, in clinical practice, and in research lab study. It is our aim that students will, by their own initiative, take advantage of the chance to study for themselves and develop their capabilities to the fullest. As school policy, instruction is carried out in small groups.
The objectives at the time of graduation for the students who are in school of medicine are doctors with basic clinical ability and basic medical research ability. All students depart from here and are expected to contribute the society through good practice of medicine in their respective fields such as physicians (generalists / specialists), medical educators, medical researchers or health-care professionals.
Towards this educational objectives, the students are required the following on learning behavior.
1. Acquiring the necessary basic knowledge in order to resolve by themselves problems, which relate to human individual as well as community, society or mankind.
2. As a physician, developing correct attitudes, manners, and acquiring responsibility and ethics.
3. Acquiring habits of self-development ability, self-evaluation in order to continue lifetime learning and training.
4. Acquiring attitudes and habits to be able to cooperate and act constructively in team activities.
We are proud of the high national examination pass rate for graduates from University of Tsukuba since the beginning of establishment and the trend still continues. We applied the new undergraduate education curriculum from the class of 2010. Since then, we have maintained the nationwide top class pass rate exceeding the national average as well.
School of Medicine had implemented ahead of the other medical schools in Japan the advanced medical education curriculum called “Tsukuba method” in 1977. However, the amount of knowledge that medical students should learn explosively in accordance with medical progress in recent years, and hence active learning is essential for doctors who are able to provide best medical care based on the latest knowledge.
In addition, in order to provide the appropriate medical services as a background for aging population, and increasing life-style related diseases, etc, doctors are required to provide not only appropriate medical skills but also consideration appropriately for patients, their families and the ability for resolving solution comprehensively, ie, the ability to provide holistic medical care. In the School of Medicine, the new curriculum was implemented with the following three parts; (1)~(3) since the fiscal year of 2004 to respond immediately the changes in circumstances surrounding medical care system.
The curriculum for the School of Medicine consisted of the following 3 parts:
The first part is “Integrated curriculum by organs based on PBL (Problem based learning) tutorial”. All courses for the 1st to 3rd year students will be the course by organs based on PBL tutorial prior to clinical clerkship.
The second part is “Clinical Clerkship”. It’s considered to be Participatory Clinical Clerkship which medical students will actually participate in medical care as a member of the team, not as observership in the past.
The third part is “Introduction to medicine”. It is aimed for learning systematically the fields that are not fully covered by frameworks by the integrated curriculum.
PBL tutorial is aimed to learn process to solve problems using “Scenarios” with advantage of their obtained knowledge. It is implemented with lectures and practical training using the form of Tutorial style (small group learning with tutor).
Regarding all medical courses of Basic and Clinical medicine for the 1st to 3rd year students prior to Clinical clerkship, they are provided by PBL tutorial style. For Clinical medicine, it is conducted by organs. Tutorial education acquires ability to solve problems and habits of lifetime learning. In addition, communication skills and cooperativeness to summarize the ideas will be acquired through group discussion.
We have implemented Clinical Clerkship (CC) which medical students will actually participate in medical care as a member of the team, not as an observer as in the past. CC is composed of unit CC, regional CC, and elective CC. System units are composed by closely related departments each other at the University of Tsukuba Hospital, and better understanding for the closely related area as 1 unit that conducts clinical clerkship for 8 weeks at 1 system unit is warranted. Unit CC is composed of 7 units in total during the period of 18 months.
After experiencing regional CC which is aimed to learn community medical care such as provided in regional hospitals, clinics and almost all medical departments, elective CC begins which is aimed to acquire a deeper expertise by selecting departments.
Medical students start CC after summer vacation of 4th year, and it is provided for 78 weeks, the longest period of all medical schools in Japan.
As the one of the main parts of the curriculum, "Introduction to medicine" is implemented for all grades of the 1st to 5th year with the objective of systematically learning areas difficult to acquire in the frameworks by organs and symptoms. The course consists of 8 units: Doctor and Patient Relationship, Team Medicine, Regional Medicine (Primary Care), Medical Safety, Health Promotion, Medical Ethics, Professionalism, and Medical English.
|Doctor and Patient Relationship||Able to understand patients holistically and build a good relationship of mutual trust.|
|Team Medicine||Able to understand the necessity of team medicine and expertise of each job, conduct team medicine with cooperativeness based on close collaboration.|
|Regional Medicine (Primary Care)||Knowing characteristics of regional medicine that is different from what is practiced in the University of Tsukuba Hospital and acquiring to provide medical care that matches local needs.|
|Medical Safety||Understanding basic idea of medical safety and able to provide medical services with safe and high quality.|
|Health Promotion||Understanding the importance of preventive medicine and acquiring the ability to be able to conduct health education based on behavioral science.|
|Medical Ethics||Able to consider patient as an individual and consider them ethically by earnestly facing problems that patient has.|
|Professionalism||Acquiring the ability to develop responsibility and a sense of duty as a professional doctor, and building their appropriate career among various options.|
|Medical English||Understanding basic structure of medical terms and obtain knowledge of basic medical terminology.|
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