生命・環境・研究倫理 科目群 (0A001**)


科目番号 0A00101
授業科目名(和文) 応用倫理
授業科目名(英文) Applied Ethics
授業形態 講義
標準履修年次 1-5
開設学期 Fall B・Intensive 秋B・集中
教室 更新 理科系B107(対面授業)
単位数 1
教員名 MATSUI Kenichi 松井 健一、Ogami Akira 大神 明
所属 Life & Environmental Sciences
学務担当 生命環境科学研究科
主実施組織 生命環境科学研究科
オフィスアワー Mon. 15:00~16:00
研究室 Natural Science B305(理科系棟B305)
電話番号 029-853-6701
E-mail matsui.kenichi.gt@u.tsukuba.ac.jp
教育目標との関連 修士レベル

授業の到達目標 This course helps you to place ethical concerns within a
context of practical issues. You will be able to explain
about the importance of properly informed decision-making,
concerning your research, science development, human rights,
and animal rights/welfare. In particular, for example, you
will discuss about how you may untangle the webs of
conflicting interests to solve issues related to mercy
killing, blood transfusion, and birth control/eugenics by
looking at four salient biomedical priciples: autonomy, non-
maleficence, beneficence, and justice.
授業概要 As ethical fields for researches and medical treatments have
developed in response to the needs in specific work places
or social conditions/status, we have faced some
discrepancies and dilemmas in applying ethical principles.
Taking into account these problems, this course examines the
development of individual issues in applied ethics,
including human rights, animal rights/welfare, research
ethics, industrial risk management, sustainable development
and international environmental negotiations. These topics
aim to provide a global environmental context for students
to reexamine their good choice for the quality of life in
modern society as global citizens. This course also aims to
foster applicable ethical visions among students for their
future both as persons and professional workers. The
objective of this course is to help students form their own
intellectual opinions that can be both practical and
innovative for solving problems. The evaluation is assessed
by one short research paper and in-class discussion/
キーワード 人権(human rights)、生命倫理(bioethics)、研究倫理
(research ethics)、産業リスクマネジメント(industrial risk
management)、動物の権利・福祉(animal rights and welfare)、
生命の質(quality of life)
授業計画 Essay assignment: research paper
Place to submit: Assignment Submission Box in Natural
Sciences Bldg. A209
Due: TAB
Place to pick up your marked papers: Natural Sciences Bldg.
A209 Return Box(mid January)
*Or email Matsui for picking up your paper at his office.

Your research paper must be written in English. The topic
for your research is to be chosen by yourself from one of
the contents discussed in this course. After choosing your
topic, you need to articulate your analytical opinion in two
pages (double space, 12 point “Times New Roman” font).
Your writing must be done in an essay format, including
footnotes or endnotes and bibliography. In articulating your
analytical opinion, please also take into account three
sources or more (academic articles or book chapters) and
properly cite them in the text. After submission, you will
receive comments and marks, and the papers will be returned
to you.

Recommendable Writing Style Manuals:
 Chicago Manual of Style (University of Tsukuba Central
Library call#021.03-Ma48);
 MLA (Modern Language Association):
 APA (American Psychological Association):
 Council of Science Editors (CSE)’s Scientific Styles and
 Or use internationally well-recognized academic journals.

*Warning on Plagiarism: Every academic writer must not
plagiarize in writing assignment no matter how short the
paper may be. If one takes the words, ideas, or research of
another person(s) without proper citation as if these were
his or her own, such a person is considered to have
committed the act of plagiarism. Plagiarism is intellectual
theft and a clear violation of the code of ethics and
behavior, which often result into a severe penalty. Some
students find web sites (e.g., Wikipedia) tempting and copy
a large portion of it without citation. Please be aware such
a work cannot be considered worth being part of admitting a
credit in this course.

About In-Class Contribution
This course seeks to secure a safe learning environment, in
which all students are welcome to express their opinions
without worrying about making mistakes. You are expected to
share your opinion with other students and learn from each
other with due respect. Keeping this in mind as the basic
underlying principle of this course, I occasionally ask you
to express or write your opinion in progress about some
issues that are salient in applied ethics.

Schedule (subject to slight changes)
Day 1
9:00~9:30 Course Orientation (Matsui)
9:30~12:00 Bioethics, Human Rights, and the Environment
13:30~16:30 Research Ethics(Matsui)
16:30~17:00 Summary & Discussion (Matsui)
Day 2
9:00~12:00 Video: “The Cove” (Matsui)
Lecture: Animal Rights and
Welfare (Matsui)
13:30~16:30 Industrial Risk Management (Ogami)
16:30~17:00 Summary & Discussion (Matsui)
履修条件 特になし
成績評価方法 ① Evaluation/② Percentage
In-class contribution/ 50%
Essay assignment/ 50%
*Minumum 70% of attendance is required.

③ Comments on Grading Practices for This Course
You may wonder why you received A+, A, A-, B+, B, B-, and
other grading marks for your paper. Here is roughly what it

A+ or A: This paper has an excellent quality in terms of
essay organization, writing skill, originality, mature
insights, and independent argument. It is based on your
considerable research effort and the sound and original
interpretation of sources. The paper is also accompanied
with clear and appropriate academic citation and references.

A-: This paper demonstrates its good quality of essay
organization, writing skill, originality and independent
argument in most part of the discussion. It is based on good
research effort and the sound interpretation of sources. The
paper is also accompanied with clear and appropriate
academic citation and references.

A-/B+: This paper has a potential to be qualified as A-
paper with some good revision effort.

B+ or B: This paper contains some good quality discussion
with independent argument or insight. However, it falls
short in essay organization and clarity of its writing. The
argument may be inconsistent at some point or not cohesive
enough to make a cogent discussion throughout the paper. It
is based on some research effort but has a good potential to
be improved by more research work and writing refinement.

B-: This paper basically understands the requirement of the
course assignment, but falls short in fully expressing the
importance of paper topic. It shows some effort of research
on the paper topic but do not effectively convey your
thoughts and analysis. Or it does not properly cite sources.

C+, C: This paper has some serious problem with essay
organization, writing skill, originality and independent
argument. It does not seem to respond to the assignment
objective properly though it may be greatly improved with
further research and writing improvement.

C-: This paper does not seem to understand the assignment
objective. It does not seem to be based on research.
However, this paper can be improved with additional research
effort and better understanding of essay writing.

D: This paper fails to respond to the course requirement. It
needs to resubmit or redo the assignment. Or it may have
problem with plagiarism or academic honesty.
教材・参考文献・配布資料 Tom L. Beauchamp and James F. Childress, Principles of
Biomedical Ethics, 5th edition. Oxford:
Oxford University Press, 2001.
Ruth Chadwick, et al. eds., Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics,
2nd ed. Academic Press, 2012.
授業外における学習方法 環境倫理学概論サイトwww.envr.tsukuba.ac.jp/~envethic/
その他 The course will be taught in English.
開講日 更新 2020年 11月 25日 2020年 11月 26日
備考 履修登録可能期間:7/21(火)~11/24(火)


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